This PhD project has been initiated by the SCK-CEN Academy for Nuclear Science and Technology, and will take place at the premises of SCK-CEN (Mol, Belgium). More details can be found here: https://academy.sckcen.be/en/Your_thesis_internship/AllTopics/Burst-rupture-properties-of-thin-walled-welded-tubes-in-LBE-supported-by-microstructural-and-micromechanical-characterization-2616
MYRRHA, ALFRED and also ITER will use austenitic stainless steels as structural and functional materials. Particularly, fuel claddings will be made of this class of materials. Production of the claddings involves welding. Understanding the influence of heavy liquid metal environment on these components, including the welded joints, is an important part in the qualification procedure of the reactors. Welding involves local melting and solidification, and creates heat-affected zones. In the material, locally different microstructural transformations occur. Additionally, the production process of the tubes gives rise to anisotropic material behaviour. This anisotropy, in turn, affects the component’s structural response in terms of stress, deformation, damage and fracture. Despite these complexities, the ultimate objective of welding is to provide a sound joint with equal or better performance than the base metal. Moreover, to be used in reactors, guaranteeing the mechanical properties of fuel cladding tubes and their welds in a heavy liquid metal (lead-bismuth eutectic or LBE) environment is of major importance. A major issue is the occurrence of corrosion, which reduces the burst pressure of the cladding. An accurate predictive tool of the above to ensure the structural integrity of the fuel claddings (and, particularly, their welds) is crucial during the design stage.
This PhD project aims to understand and predict the pressure bearing capacity of thin walled fuel cladding tubes, taking into account the high temperature LBE environment, the presence of texture anisotropy, the heterogeneity of microstructures within the weldment and the presence of corrosion damage. This involves a multidisciplinary (materials science and mechanics) approach consisting of microstructural investigations, construction of anisotropic material models, development of a finite element model for the fuel cladding tube and experimental validation assisted by 3D digital image correlation.
Profile of the candidate
• you possess a Master of Science degree in engineering (preferably mechanical engineering, materials science or applied physics)
• you have a strong motivation for (and preferably a history of) conducting scientific research and working with complex questions;
• you possess structured and creative problem-solving abilities;
• you possess strong analytical and technical skills and take responsibility for the development of your work;
• you can work independently as well as in team;
• you have affinity with both analytical, numerical and experimental work;
• you have excellent English communication skills (written and presentation);
• knowledge of Dutch is a plus.
How to apply
Applications to this project should be sent to the SCK-CEN academy. A link can be found here:
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